Publications

JOURNAL ARTICLES
*Graduate or postdoctoral mentee

Gray, C., D. Hopping*, and V. Mueller. (Online early). The changing climate-migration relationship in China, 1989-2011. Climatic Change. [Link] [Open access]

Williams, N., and C. Gray. (Online early). Spatial and temporal dimensions of weather shocks and migration in Nepal. Population and Environment. [Link]

Mueller, V., C. Gray, S. Handa and D. Seidenfeld. (2020). Do social protection programs foster short-term and long-term migration adaptation strategies? Environment and Development Economics 25: 135-158. [Link]

Mueller, V., G. Sheriff, X. Dou and C. Gray. (2020). Temporary migration and climate variation in Eastern Africa. World Development, 104704. [Open access]

Salinas Castro*, V., R. Bilsborrow and C. Gray. (2020). Cambios socioeconómicos en el siglo XXI en poblaciones indígenas Amazónicas: Retos actuales. Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos 35(1): 83-116. [Open access]

Thiede, B., and C. Gray. (2020). Characterizing the indigenous forest peoples of Latin America: Results from census data. World Development, 104685. [Link]

Call, M.*, C. Gray, and P. Jagger. (2019). Smallholder responses to climate anomalies in rural Uganda. World Development 115: 132–144. [Link]

Randell, H.*, and C. Gray. (2019). Climate change and educational attainment in the global tropics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (18): 8840-8845 [Link] [Coverage by Anthropocene Magazine and New Security Beat]

Sellers, S.*, and C. Gray. (2019). Climate shocks constrain human fertility in Indonesia. World Development 117: 357-369. [Link]

Mueller, V., and C. Gray. (2018). Heat and adult health in China. Population and Environment 40(1): 21–46. [Link] [Open access]

Bevis, L.*, J. Conrad, C. Barrett, and C. Gray. (2017). State-conditioned soil investment in rural Uganda. Research in Economics 71(2): 254–281 [Link] [Open access preprint]

Call, M.*, C. Gray, M. Emch and M. Ali. (2017). Disruption, not displacement: Environmental variability and temporary migration in Bangladesh. Global Environmental Change 46: 157–165. [Link]

Call, M.*^, T. Mayer*^, S. Sellers*^, D. Ebanks*^, M, Bertalan*^, E. Nebie*^, and C. Gray. (2017). Socio-environmental drivers of forest change in rural Uganda. Land Use Policy 62: 49–58. ^Authors contributed equally to this research. [Link] [Open access preprint] [Coverage by UNC CEE]

Davis, J.*, S. Sellers*, C. Gray, and R. Bilsborrow. (2017). Indigenous migration dynamics in the Ecuadorian Amazon: A longitudinal and hierarchical analysis. Journal of Development Studies 53(11): 1849-1864. [Link] [Open access]

Jennings, J., and C. Gray. (2017). Climate and marriage in the Netherlands, 1871-1937. Population and Environment 38:242–260. [Link] [Open access]

Thiede, B., and C. Gray. (2017). Heterogeneous climate effects on human migration in Indonesia. Population and Environment 39(2): 147-172 [Corrected version] [Open access]

Bozigar, M.*, C. Gray, and R. Bilsborrow. (2016). Oil extraction and indigenous livelihoods in the northern Ecuadorian Amazon. World Development 78: 125–135. [Link] [Open access]

Gray, C., and E. Wise. (2016). Country-specific effects of climate variability on human migration. Climatic Change 135(3): 555-568 [Link] [Open access] [Coverage by Climate Outreach]

Randell, H.*, and C. Gray. (2016). Climate variability and educational attainment: Evidence from rural Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change 41: 111–123. [Link] [Open access] [Coverage by National Geographic and Nature Climate Change]

Thiede, B., C. Gray, and V. Mueller. (2016). Climate variability and inter-provincial migration in South America, 1970-2011. Global Environmental Change 41: 228–240. [Link] [Coverage by IFPRI and New Security Beat]

Davis, J.*, R Bilsborrow, and C. Gray. (2015). Delayed fertility transition among indigenous women: A case study in the Ecuadorian Amazon. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 41(1):1–10. [Open access] [En español]

Gray, C., M. Bozigar*, and R. Bilsborrow. (2015). Declining use of wild resources by indigenous peoples of the Ecuadorian Amazon. Biological Conservation 182: 270–277. [Link] [Pubmed open access]

Jennings, J., and C. Gray. (2015). Climate variability and human migration in the Netherlands, 1865-1937. Population and Environment 36(3): 255-278. [Link] [Open access preprint]

Baird, T.*, and C. Gray. (2014). Livelihood diversification and shifting social networks of exchange: A social network transition? World Development 60: 14–30.  [Link] [Open access]

Fussell, E., L. Hunter., and C. Gray. (2014). Measuring the environmental dimensions of human migration: The demographer’s toolkit. Global Environmental Change 28: 182–191. [Link] [Pubmed open access]

Gray, C., and R. Bilsborrow. (2014). Consequences of out-migration for land use in rural Ecuador. Land Use Policy 36: 182–191. [Link] [Pubmed open access]

Gray, C., E. Frankenberg, T. Gillepsie, C. Sumantri and D. Thomas. (2014). Studying displacement after a disaster using large scale survey methods: Sumatra after the 2004 tsunami. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 104(3): 594-612. [Link] [Pubmed open access] [Coverage by Development Impact]

Mueller, V., C. Gray, and K. Kosec . (2014). Heat stress increases long-term human migration in rural Pakistan. Nature Climate Change 4(3): 182-185 . [Link] [Pubmed open access] [Coverage by Simple ClimateScientific AmericanSciLogsSmithsonian Magazine and Wilson Quarterly]

Gray, C. and R. Bilsborrow. (2013). Environmental influences on human migration in rural Ecuador. Demography 50(4): 1217-1241. [Link] [Pubmed open access]

Gray, C., and V. Mueller. (2012). Natural disasters and population mobility in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(16): 6000-6005. [Open Access] [Commentary in Nature Climate Change]

Gray, C., and V. Mueller. (2012). Drought and population mobility in rural Ethiopia. World Development 40(1): 134–145. [Link]  [Pubmed open access]

Gray, C. (2011). Soil quality and human migration in Kenya and Uganda. Global Environmental Change 21: 421–430. [Link] [Pubmed open access]

Gray, C. (2010). Gender, natural capital and migration in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. Environment and Planning A 42(3): 678-696. [Link]

Lu, F., C. Gray, R. Bilsborrow, C. Mena, J. Bremner, A. Barbieri, C. Erlien, and S. Walsh. (2010). Contrasting colonist and indigenous impacts on Amazonian forests. Conservation Biology 24(3): 881-885. [Link] [Pubmed open access]

Gray, C. (2009). Environment, land and rural out-migration in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. World Development 37(2): 457-468. [Link]

Gray, C. (2009). Rural out-migration and smallholder agriculture in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. Population and Environment 30(4): 193-217. [Link]

Gray, C., R. Bilsborrow, J. Bremner, and F. Lu. (2008). Indigenous land use in the Ecuadorian Amazon: A cross-cultural and multilevel analysis. Human Ecology 36(1): 97-109. [Link]

Rindfuss, R., B. Entwisle, S. Walsh, C. Mena, C. Erlien, and C. Gray. (2007). Frontier land use: Synthesis, challenges, and next steps. The Annals of the Association of American Geographers 97(4): 739-754. [Link]

WORK IN PROGRESS
*Graduate or postdoctoral mentee

Call, M.*, and C. Gray. (2019). Is climate stress driving tropical depopulation? Population Association of America. Austin, TX, April 10-13. [Abstract]

Gray, C., D. Hopping*, V. Goel*, and Students of Geog 437*. (2019). Climatic influences on women’s health and mobility in Sub-Saharan Africa. Population Association of America. Austin, TX, April 10-13. [Abstract]

Mueller, V., C. Gray and J. Maystadt. (2019). The social consequences of environmental migration in Africa. Population Association of America. Austin, TX, April 10-13. [Abstract]

Munshi*, E., M. Call*, and C. Gray. (2019). Climate change and food security in Uganda. Population Association of America. Austin, TX, April 10-13. [Abstract]

Thiede, B., H. Randell*, and C. Gray. (2019). Climate change and lifetime migration in the global tropics. Population Association of America. Austin, TX, April 10-13. [Abstract]

Randell, H.*, C. Gray, and K. Grace. (2018). Climate change and multidimensional vulnerability to child undernutrition: Evidence from Ethiopia. Population Association of America. Denver, CO, April 26-28. [Abstract]

Call, M.*, and C. Gray. (2017). Environmental drivers of temporary and permanent migration in Uganda. Paper presented to the Population Association of America. Chicago, April 27-29. [Abstract]

Hopping, D.*, and C. Gray. (2017). Contextual influences on the climate-migration relationship: Evidence from India. Paper to be presented to the Population Association of America. Chicago, April 27-29. [Abstract]

Randell, H.*, and C. Gray. (2017). Livelihood adaptation to climate change in rural Ethiopia. Paper presented to the Association of American Geographers. Boston, April 5-9. [Abstract]

Thiede, B., and C. Gray. (2017). Climatic variability and early childhood malnutrition in Indonesia. Paper presented to the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. Cape Town, October 29-November 4. [Working paper]

Gray, C., and R. Bilsborrow. (2016). Drivers of changing indigenous land use in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Paper presented to the Population Association of America. Washington DC, March 31-April 2. [Abstract]

Gray, C., M. Call*, R. Bilsborrow and M. Emch. (2016). Indigenous health in the Ecuadorian Amazon: A multilevel and longitudinal analysis. Paper presented to the Population Association of America. Washington DC, March 31-April 2. [Abstract]